Photo by Max van den Oetelaar on Unsplash

April 23, 2018

Literature Review

1) Strength training your muscles increases the GLUT4 receptor, glucose transporter, in skeletal muscle thereby inducing enhanced insulin function and glucose uptake in muscle that will improve future muscle related function in sport and activity.

Take Home: Muscle strength training is very important for exercise and functional movement as we age. Increased exercise also helps utilize glucose more efficiently. The body knows when you plan to run more and plans ahead.

Article1, Article2, Article 3

2) Toxic chemicals in E cigarettes in the news again. "The participants were 16.4 years old on average. Urine excretion of metabolites of benzene, ethylene oxide, acrylonitrile, acrolein, and acrylamide was significantly higher in dual users versus e-cigarette-only users. Excretion of metabolites of acrylonitrile, acrolein, propylene oxide, acrylamide, and crotonaldehyde were significantly higher in e-cigarette-only users compared with controls." Many of these chemicals are carcinogens. If your child is vaping, show them the data on cancer risk.


3) Acid reducing medications used during pregnancy are tied to higher asthma risk in offspring. This study was a meta analysis of 564 research articles looking into the risks of asthma in children. The results noted a significant risk of a child developing asthma if his or her mother used antacid medications while pregnant. Mechanistically, this is likely due to the alteration of the mother's stomach acid level which reduces ingested protein breakdown. This in turn will allow these proteins to become sensitizers to the immune system.


Dr. M